India is one of the oldest countries in the World! As well as India is the 7th largest country in the world. India is a tremendous land that expands beyond symbolism of fantasy; due to the big research of India that goes beyond imagination, called as “DEV BHUMI”. It is like a sanctuary that one should explore, feel and relish for lifetime. In the ancient time, 2500 B.C., the Indo-Aryan people settled in the northwest region and over the next 2,000 years developed the Brahman culture from which Hinduism evolved. Invaders include Alexander the Great in 327 B.C. and much later the Persians, who would found the Mogul empire. The Europeans began arriving early in the sixteenth century, drawn by the opulence of the moguls. The British East India Company, with trading posts in Surat, Bombay and Calcutta, soon dominated the region, ousting Portuguese and Dutch traders. The British Raj was born and India’s vast raw wealth was shipped to the West. And next 200, years Britishers ruled out India, and then in 15th August 1947, India was independence.
Country Name: Republic of India, Bharat Ganrajya
Local name: Bharat, Hindustan, India
Covering Area of India: 32,87,263 sq. km
Current Population of India in 2010: 1,150,000,000 (1.15 billion)
Population of India in 1947: 350 million
National Flag of India: Tiranga
National Anthem: Jana Gana Mana
Indian National Song: Vande Mataram
National Animal of India: Tiger
National Bird of India: Peacock
National Flower of India: Lotus
National Fruit of India: Mango
National Game of India: Hockey
National Tree of India: Banyan
National Sweet of India: Jalebi
Year of Independence: 1947
National Languages: Hindi
Web site: http://www.india.gov.in/
Flag Description: The National Flag is a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (kesaria) at the top, white in the middle, and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. At the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel, which is a representation of the Ashoka Chakra at Sarnath.
National Days: 26th January (Republic Day)
15th August (Independence Day)
2nd October (Gandhi Jayanti; Mahatma Gandhi’s Birthday)
Climate: The climate of India is extremely diverse. Parts of the Ladakh region in Kashmir are among the coldest inhabited places on earth; the Himalaya Mountain ranges are also very cold (and remain uninhabited) Monsoon winds bring rain and replenish the rivers, lakes, and aquifers, thereby sustaining the agriculture. The main south-west monsoon brings rain between May and September (with Bombay and the west coast receiving rains in late May, and Delhi nearly a month later). The north-east monsoon brings rain to the southern state of Tamil Nadu. Delhi sees it’s most comfortable climate between October and March; May and June offer biting heat; and July to September sticky, humid air……..Temperatures in the northern plains and western deserts can reach 49°C (120°F) between May and June, though their ground temperatures can be as low as -18°C (0°F) winter. The lower peninsular India enjoys a moderate climate though it can get hot between March and June
India Economy: India has fared the global financial crisis remarkably well. Despite the 2008-2009 downturns, the government expects the annual GDP growth to return to around 9%. India’s population is estimated at more than 1.1 billion and is growing at 1.55% a year. It has the world’s 12th largest economy–and the third largest in Asia behind Japan and China–with total GDP in 2008 of around $1.21 trillion ($1,210 billion). Services, industry, and agriculture account for 54%, 29%, and 18% of GDP respectively. India is capitalizing on its large numbers of well-educated people skilled in the English language to become a major exporter of software services and software workers, but more than half of the population depends on agriculture for its livelihood. 700 million Indians live on $2 per day or less, but there is a large and growing middle class of more than 50 million Indians with disposable income ranging from 200,000 to 1,000,000 rupees per year ($4,166-$20,833). Estimates are that the middle class will grow ten-fold by 2025.
GDP (FY 2009 est): $1.095 trillion ($1,210 billion).
Real growth rate (2009 est.): 6.5%.
Per capita GDP (PPP, FY 2008): $3,100.
Agriculture: 17% of GDP. Products–wheat, rice, coarse grains, oilseeds, sugar, cotton, jute and tea.
Industry: 28.2% of GDP. Products–textiles, jute, processed food, steel, machinery, transport equipment, cement, aluminum, fertilizers, mining, petroleum, chemicals, and computer software.
Services and transportation: 54.9% of GDP.
Trade: Exports (FY 2009 est)–$164.3 billion; engineering goods, petroleum products, precious stones, cotton apparel and fabrics, gems and jewelry, handicrafts, tea. Services exports $101.2 billion in 2008-09, represent more than one third of India’s total exports.
Software exports–$35.76 billion. Imports (FY 2009 est)–$268.4 billion; petroleum, machinery and transport equipment, electronic goods, edible oils, fertilizers, chemicals, gold, textiles, iron and steel. Major trade partners–U.S., China, U.A.E., EU, Russia and Japan.
Electricity: 220 volts AC, 50Hz
Visas: Restricted entry: Entry is refused to: (a) nationals of Afghanistan if their passport or ticket shows evidence of transit or boarding in Pakistan; (b) British passport holders, including those of Indian origin, who are being deported to India without their consent. ….PASSPORTS: Passports valid for at least 6 months required by all. …VISAS: Required by all except the following providing they are not missionaries or intending to take up employment: nationals of Bhutan and Nepal for a maximum stay of 3 months; nationals of the Maldives for a maximum stay of 90 days. The period of 90 days includes any prior period of stay during a period of 6 months immediately before the date of entry; transit passengers whose tickets show they intend to continue their journey from the airport, providing they do not leave the airport, and providing they continue their journey within 72 hours (24 hours via Mumbai). Nationals of Pakistan must travel via Amritsar, Delhi or Mumbai airports, continuing their journey the same day, and they are not allowed to leave the airport. Nationals of Bangladesh may require a visa if they have to leave the airport for a connecting flight.
Natural Resources: Coal, iron ore, manganese ore, mica, bauxite, petroleum, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, magnesite, limestone, arable land, dolomite, barytes, kaolin, gypsum, apatite, phosphorite, steatite, fluorite, etc.
Capital: New Delhi (Population in 2010: 18 million)
Commercial Capital of India: Mumbai (Population in 2010: 13,806,553)
System: Federal Republic
Languages: Hindi, English, Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Sanskrit, Hindustani a popular variant of Hindu/Urdu, is spoken widely throughout northern India
Religions: Hindu 80%, Muslim 14%, Christian 2.4%, Sikh 2%, Buddhist 0.7%, Jains 0.5%, other 0.4%
Money: Indian rupee (Re)
Telephone Country Code: +91
Indian Standard Time: GMT + 05:30
India could become soon a two trillion dollar economy so the timing is right to know more about India. And the better way to learn about a country, culture and tradition is what? That is reading and tourism. Come for!! India tour! And India tourism! And for knowing more….. India is rich in history and dates back many centuries. However a good starting point might be India’s history in the past century. So, people pack up your luggage and ready as soon as possible for travel to India for India tour with Lets Travel India Hotel Bookings cover Hotels at almost all the important tourist destinations including Delhi, Agra, Jaipur, Kullu-Manali, Shimla, Varanasi, Bikaner, Pushkar, Ajmer, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Khajuraho, Mount Abu etc.